This article describes the Rapid Rollback process for disaster recovery.
- Datto Utilities
- Rapid Rollback
Rapid Rollback is part of the Datto Utilities tool suite. It is similar to the Bare Metal Restore utility; however, it allows you to incrementally revert changed data on a production machine to a previously-backed-up state without reformatting or re-partitioning the target hardware.
- Which recovery method is right for you?
- What happens during a rollback?
Which recovery method is right for you?
Disaster recovery needs can take many forms. The following table will help you make an informed decision about which recovery utility is best-suited to your scenario.
|Rapid Rollback||Bare Metal Restore||Direct Restore Utility||File Restore|
|Ransomware recovery||Reimaging a production machine||Deploying a new production machine to replace an old one||Restoring a single file or small number of files|
|Restoring uninstalled software||Restoring production partitions||Migrating a server|
|Restoring damaged system files||Restoring to brand new hardware|
|Undoing widespread file changes|
What happens during a rollback?
The Rapid Rollback utility works by reverting a production machine's filesystem to the state it was in at the time of the selected recovery point. The chart below illustrates the actions that the Rapid Rollback utility will take to restore a production machine to a designated point in time.
|Production System vs. Recovery Point||Rollback action taken|
|File A: Deleted since recovery point||File A is recreated from recovery point|
|File B: Modified since recovery point||File B is reverted to recovery point version|
|File C: New file created after recovery point||File C is deleted from production|
Any files that were created or updated by the Rapid Rollback environment will be restored to their original directories.
- The target machine must be able to boot from USB.
- The target machine must be on the same network as the Datto appliance containing your backups.
- The target machine must use 64-bit hardware.
- The environment of the target machine and the Datto appliance must meet Datto's networking requirements. In particular, Rapid Rollback requires outbound access via TCP to ports 80, 443, and 3260. See the SIRIS, ALTO, and DNAS Networking & Bandwidth Requirements article for more information.
You should have the following items available when starting this process:
- A USB stick that is at least 8 GB
- The encryption passphrase for the protected system you are restoring (if encrypted)
Rapid Rollback is only available for Windows-based operating systems. It has been tested for compatibility with the following platforms:
- Windows XP
- Windows 7
- Windows 10
- Windows Server 2003
- Windows Server 2008
- Windows Server 2008R2
- Windows Server 2012
- Windows Server 2012R2
- Windows Server 2016
Rapid Rollback cannot restore systems encrypted with BitLocker. For more information, see our BitLocker Considerations article.
- Rapid Rollback for ReFS is currently unsupported. Any ReFS volumes in the selected snapshot will be excluded from the restore. To perform a restore of an ReFS volume, use the Volume Restore feature.
- Before performing a rollback, shut down the target machine cleanly. Attempting a rollback on a production machine that has not been gracefully shut down can result in a failed restore attempt and potential loss of data.
- If you are restoring a Windows 10 machine, disable the Fast Startup feature and shut the target machine down gracefully before attempting a rollback.
- You cannot perform a rollback to any hard drive which has a different volume serial number than what existed at the time of the backup. If the Rapid Rollback utility cannot match the volume serial numbers of the target hardware to those in the selected snapshot, it will automatically fail.
- "Rapid Rollback decompresses data when writing back to the target hardware. If the target machine is using compression, its storage disks must have enough free space to accommodate all of its production data in a decompressed state.
- Using Rapid Rollback on a production system with inadequate storage space could leave the target hardware in a non-bootable state.
- The rollback process will revert any new data created on the production machine since the last backup. The further back in time you restore from, the more data will change and the longer the restore will take.
- A Rapid Rollback operation cannot be stopped or undone once started. Interrupting the rollback process could leave the target hardware in a non-bootable state.
- The Rapid Rollback utility will not modify the following files and registry entries. If these files are missing from the target machine, Rapid Rollback will not restore them.
- DattoCtrl (datto.ctl for Datto Windows 2.1 endpoints)
- DattoSnap (datto.snp for Datto Windows 2.1 endpoints)
- /Windows/Temp and all files and folders within
- Software and firmware-based RAID configurations are unsupported.
- Rapid Rollback is not tested or guaranteed to work with any encryption method listed in Encryption Compatibility With The Datto Solution that is not compatible with file restores. Datto recommends reviewing this article when preparing to restore to any encrypted system.
Rapid Rollback is not currently compatible with Windows CompactOS (external link). If this type of compression is in use on the target machine's filesystem, you will need to disable it before attempting to restore to the target hardware.
Performing a Rapid Rollback from any previous snapshot taken when CompactOS was enabled on the production machine may produce unreliable results. To ensure a successful restore, CompactOS must be disabled on both the production machine and in the snapshot.
See Disabling CompactOS on Target Hardware for more information information about checking for and disabling the feature before beginning the restore process.
2. Proceed to the Booting a Target Machine with Datto Utilities article to continue.